Back in the Abbey Graveyard

Extending a trench

No rain, ground not waterlogged or frozen, temperature above freezing; conditions are about as good as they are likely to get for excavating in Scotland, so we met up for a couple of hours work in Dunfermline Abbey Graveyard on Saturday. An excellent New Year turnout: Brodie, Caleb, Ella, Fraser, Ivan, Kathryn, Lee, Michal, Niamh and Olivia all braved the cruel whim of YAC leadership.

After a quick clear-up of leaves and dead branches blown onto the site over the Christmas vacation, we got back to work in three active trenches. The first is a test pit, excavated to determine if there is a gravestone lying at the foot of George Watt’s 3 room plot. So far there isn’t, but we have worked through the usual layer of 1920’s rubble down onto a more earthy stratum of midden (rubbish) beneath.

On Saturday we recovered an interesting mix of human bone fragments and animal teeth, probably sheep.

Excavating and cleaning finds
Excavating and cleaning finds

Meanwhile, in the north-west corner, we continue to work on extending the trench to expose more of the wall-like structure that we assume was constructed to provide a secure foundation for a row of gravestones.

Extending a trench
Extending a trench

Here we found our first complete clay tobacco pipe bowl.

Bowl of clay tobacco pipe with leaf decoration
Bowl of clay tobacco pipe

Apparently some people would carry on smoking a pipe until there was almost none of the stem left before throwing it away, which is probably the case with this specimen. Cool isn’t it? The literature on pipe manufacture in Dunfermline doesn’t mention this model of pipe, so we have yet to identify the manufacturer.

Bowl of clay tobacco pipe with leaf decoration
Bowl of clay tobacco pipe with leaf decoration

Back down south, some of our Edinburgh University, Archaeological Society friends worked on the curbed grave. Access is not easy, as you can see. The area within the stone curb has been at least partially filled with a mix of clay, rubbish and bone fragments, both human and animal.

Working on the curb stone
Working on the curb stone

A fragment of humerus was recovered and cleaned.

Cleaning a bone fragment
Cleaning a bone fragment

We would have worked on our plan of the gravestones, but some fool forgot the tape and so the plane table was taken down again. Sorry about that.